Undergraduate qualifications in philosophy, economics and geology. Then later a graduate degree in artificial intelligence focusing mainly on Turing. LinkedIn.


Wrote an accounting, warehousing and manufacturing software suite and licensed it to a multinational.

Happily, the annual license fees were ample and provided two decades of independent income and time for full-time AI research.

Granted US software patents 5,748,955 (provisional then complete) and 6,414,610 later cited by Google, IBM, Oracle and others.


In 1993, set out on research into the acquisition of knowledge, and how a computer might be able to acquire knowledge in the same sense we do. There was an unusual reason for trying to understand this.

I wasn't sure how long the research would take. But now, almost 30 years later (I just love research) I think I probably should stop and report the results.

The research included a decade of graduate study under a well-known Turing scholar, then a further decade looking mainly at Searle's Chinese room thought experiment and associated arguments.